Cognitive Psychology

Review the scenario, and read the article that follows-
Scenario: A woman was found dead in the alley across from the gas station on the corner of Fifth and Elm- Sally was
working the night shift at the gas station that night-her fourth in a row. Sally liked herjob because it afforded her time to
work on her homework, but there was little time for sleep-
On the night of the murder, at about 3 a-m-, Sally thought she saw a tall man, dressed in dark clothing, pacing up and
down the block- Sally couldn’t tell if the man wore a hat or if he was wearing a hood- Fifteen minutes later, there was a
rush of customers at the gas station; three men and two women- Sally suspected the men were drunk and in their 2os-
The women both had long hair and wore heavily applied makeup- When all of the customers left, Sally did not see the
man Who had been pacing, but she assumed he had been part of the group- Over the next 3 hours, three or four more
women and six or seven men came in, all dressed as if they’d come from a club-
Two days later, Sally was called in to the police station after her shift to give her report of What happened on the night of
the murder. The police detective showed her a picture of the victim, Who looked like one of the two women Who had been
in the gas station that night- The detective also showed her a photo lineup of men and asked if she had seen any of
them- Sally was able to identify two men from the photos-one tall and one short- The detective suggested, by pointing
to the taller of the two men, that he might be the one she saw across the street- In the photo, the tall man was wearing a

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