Diet plan-Hypertention

Generate a family pedigree and ask questions about family history when doing a cardiovascular risk assessment Describe and calculate a Framingham Risk Score Identity ways to help patients progress through the stages of change Identify the importance of self-efficacy to social cognitive theory Describe the significance of dietary patterns in CVD prevention and treatment Evaluate the the benefits of the Portfolio diet and the Mediterranean diet

1. What further information is needed for a complete medical history? (2 Marks) 2. Determine the patient’s Framingham risk score and the patient’s risk for a cardiovascular event in the next 10 years? (2 Marks) 3. The patient is ready to begin his ‘new’ diet asap following consultation with a dietician. Indicate which stage of change the patient is in and the process required to advance the patient to the next stage. What dietary suggestions will you make to this patient in order to improve her blood glucose? (2 Marks) 4. Outline three concepts in which changes in diet can be effective in the prevention/treatment of CVD. (2 Marks) 5. How is self-efficacy important to changing one’s behavior and how can you, as a health professional, support a patient’s self-efficacy? (2 Marks) 6. The patient asks his dietician about the benefits of the Portfolio diet and the Mediterranean diet. What information should the patient receive about the benefit of each diet plan and more importantly how these diets can lower the risk of cardiovascular disease? (3 Marks)

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