History 1800s United Stated

The issue of slavery played a decisive part in the history of the United States in the 1800s. Write an essay the answers the following questions about slavery.
What kinds of arguments did Southerners use to defend slavery? How did slaves commonly offer resistance to masters? What happened to slaves during the Civil War? Would you see them as an asset or liability to the Southern war effort?
Once slaves were free, what problems did they face? What did Congress do to try to guarantee freed slaves would enjoy the rights of American citizens? Did Congressional action work?

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